Reproductive Rights

Domestic Violence

Maternity Leave

Equal Pay

Women’s Suffrage

Sexual harassment

Sexual violence



Laure Provost

The Vagina Monologues


Situated knowledge - Generally

Bias/knowing is informed by:

-The body, differently constructed and located differently geographically and in different times

-Inner experience and the experience of themselves in others

(first/third person knowledge)

-Emotions, interests, attitudes, values

-Personal knowledge of others

-Know How

-Cognitive style


-Relations to other inquirers

Situated knowledge - Social situation

(Social epistemology)

Social location affecting how and what she knows including subjective identity

Gender as mode of social situation

Systems of meaning, social identities, roles, norms and behaviours, traits/virtues, ascribed or prescribed to individuals on the basis of their sexual characteristics (Haslanger 2000)

Psychological traits


‘Gender symbolism’ - metaphorical ascriptions of gendered ideas to animals and inanimate objects

Gendered knowledge = situated knowledge + gender as social situation

>Phenomonology of Gendered bodies

>Gendered first-personal knowledge

>Gendered attitudes, interests, values endocentric/gynocentric

>Knowledge of others in gendered situations

>Gendered skills

>Gendered cognitive styles

>Gendered background beliefs and worldview

>Relations to other inquirers

2. Standpoint theory (position theory)

social location

3. Feminist Post Modernism

Reality is ‘discursively constructed’, Sassure - “the linguistic sign acts reflexively, not referentially’ in a ‘discursive field’. Radical holism, signs mean things in relations to all other signs in play

Perspective shifting

Sexism is the thing commonly shared (MacKinnon) 2000

Reproductive Rights

Domestic Violence

Maternity Leave

Equal Pay

Women’s Suffrage

sexual harassment

sexual violence